Effect of impurities on supercritical CO2 compatibility
Impurities may affect structural alloy compatibility in both indirect- and direct-fired supercritical CO2 (sCO2) cycles for high efficiency power generation with peak temperatures above 700°C. Using a new multi-pump gas control system, experiments with controlled impurity additions were compared to baseline results in research- or industrial-grade CO2 at 750°C/300 bar. Low level impurities, 50 ppm O2 and 50 ppm H2O, were not found to affect mass change or reaction products after 2,500 h exposures. However, in RG sCO2+1%O2+0.25%H2O, higher reaction rates were observed for both Ni- and Fe-based alloys, but especially Fe-based alloys were strongly affected by these high impurity levels. Analytical TEM was used to characterize the reaction products on alloy 625.
Share and cite
Could not load citation form. Default citation form is displayed.
Use and reproduction:This work may be used under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY 4.0)