The Perioperative Use of Levosimendan as a Means of Optimizing the Surgical Outcome in Patients with Severe Heart Insufficiency Undergoing Cardiac Surgery

Background: Postoperative myocardial dysfunction following cardiac surgery is a relatively common occurrence. Levosimendan, a calcium sensitizer and inotropic drug, has shown potential in improving outcomes for patients with low preoperative ejection fraction (EF) and myocardial dysfunction after cardiac surgery. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of levosimendan in optimizing the surgical outcome for such patients.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 314 patients with preoperative severe heart failure who underwent cardiac surgery. Among them, 184 patients received perioperative adjunctive therapy with levosimendan, while a comparable group of 130 patients received conventional treatment.

Results: The use of levosimendan demonstrated several advantages in postoperative outcomes. It significantly improved short- and long-term survival rates after cardiac surgery, enhanced hemodynamic stability, reduced the requirement for inotropic support, and facilitated faster weaning from ventilator support. Patients who received levosimendan reported reduced angina and dyspnea symptoms, as well as fewer postoperative arrhythmias. Furthermore, levosimendan helped minimize myocardial injury inevitable after cardiac surgery. The levosimendan group also exhibited a notable reduction in hospital readmissions.

Conclusions: This study provides evidence of several benefits associated with the perioperative use of levosimendan. However, further prospective randomized studies are warranted to standardize and comprehensively document the other perioperative therapies, in order to validate these findings and establish stronger conclusions.


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