CD47 blockade enhances phagocytosis of cardiac cell debris by neutrophils
CD47 is a cell surface protein controlling phagocytotic activity of innate immune cells. CD47 blockade was investigated as an immune checkpoint therapy in cancer treatment, enhancing phagocytosis of tumor cells by macrophages. Anti-CD47 treatment also reduced injury size during reperfused acute myocardial infarction(repAMI) by enhancing phagocytotic acitivity of macrophages. Little is known about the impact of CD47 blockade on neutrophils, representing the main portion of early infiltrating immune cells after repAMI. Therefore, we performed 45 min of cardiac ischemia followed by 24 h of reperfusion, observing a decreased cardiac injury size measured by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride(TTC) Evan’s blue staining. We were able to detect this effect with an innovative three-dimensional method based on light sheet fluorescence microscopy(LSFM). This further allowed us a simultaneous analysis of neutrophil infiltration, showing an unaltered amount of injury-associated neutrophils with reduced cardiac injury volume from repAMI. This observation suggests modulated phagocytosis of cell debris by neutrophils. Therefore, we performed flow cytometry analysis, revealing an increased phagocytotic activity of neutrophils in vitro. These findings highlight that CD47 blockade also enhances phagocytosis of cardiac cell debris by neutrophils, which might be an additional protective effect of anti-CD47 treatment after repAMI.