Ab initio description of magnetic and critical properties of spin-glass pyrochlore NaSrMn₂F₇
In this study, I have investigated the magnetic and critical properties of manganese pyrochlore fluoride NaSrMn2F7, which exhibits a glass transition at Tf = 2.5 (K) due to charge disorder. A DFT + U + SOC framework is used in this paper to derive spin-Hamiltonian terms, including isotropic and anisotropic exchange interactions. An optimized geometry reveals a local distortion of the F–Mn–F angle along the ⟨111⟩ direction (95.48° and 84.51°), which is considered a weak bond disorder (δJ). Despite the complex structure of this material, first principle calculations show that its magnetic properties are only controlled by the nearest neighbor’s Heisenberg exchange interaction, and other interactions do not affect spin arrangements in the ground state. Thus, this material is considered a suitable candidate for studying electron correlation in spin glasses. Using a replica-exchange framework, Monte Carlo simulations indicate that with δJ=0, no phase transition is observed when magnetic susceptibility changes with temperature. The results demonstrate that the presence of local bond disorder serves as a perturbation, and the degeneracy of the energy manifold of the system persists if its effect is not taken into consideration. Based on δJ=0.13(meV) and the derived spin Hamiltonian, 2.6 (K) is obtained as the phase transition temperature.