CGRP antibody therapy in patients with drug resistant migraine and chronic daily headache : a real-world experience

Background: Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) (receptor) antibodies (erenumab, fremanezumab and galcanezumab) are increasingly used in prophylactic treatment of migraine. In the approval studies, severely affected patients with migraine and chronic daily headache without any headache free days were excluded. Thus, less is known about the effectiveness of CGRP antibody treatment in this cohort.

Methods: Clinical routine data of 32 patients with migraine and daily headache were analysed after three months of treatment with a CGRP antibody (16 erenumab, 7 galcanezumab, 9 fremanezumab), including changes of monthly headache days (MHD) monthly migraine days (MMD) and monthly acute medication intake (AMD) as well as migraine characteristics. Statistical analysis was performed with the Wilcoxon-Test. Migraine characteristics were analysed descriptively.

Results: The number of MHD was significantly reduced (mean reduction (standard error), p-value): (-4.2 (1.3), p  = 0.009) as well as MMD (-4.3 (1.6), p  = 0.033). Four patients (13 %) reached a 50 % reduction regarding MHD and 8 patients (25 %) regarding MMD, migraine duration and intensity improved under therapy.

Conclusions: Despite the low responder rate, CGRP antibodies can be effective at least in a few cases of severely affected patients with drug resistant migraine and chronic daily headache.


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