Faschismus oder Nationalsozialismus? Kontroversen im Spannungsfeld zwischen Geschichtspolitik, Gefühl und Wissenschaft
Research on the history of fascism finds itself in a paradigmatic crisis, defined by a very advanced asymmetry between the volume of empirical work and a weak methodological framework. Epistemological deficits, emotional barriers, and historic-political taboos slow the defeat of this crisis. The author argues for a transnational and comparative viewpoint of the fascist era, presupposing a theoretical model and renunciation of the phrase “National Socialism” as it has become unusable due to its demand for uniqueness. Thereby it is possible to compare fascism not only within its European variations but also as it relates to fascist systems worldwide.
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