Therapeutic properties of Helicobacter pylori-derived vacuolating cytotoxin A in an animal model of chronic allergic airway disease

Background: It has previously been shown that the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-derived molecule vacuolating cytotoxin A (VacA) could be suitable for the treatment of allergic airway disease. The therapeutic activity of the protein, which acts through modulation of dendritic cells (DC) and regulatory T cells (Tregs), was demonstrated in murine short-term acute models. The aim of this study is to further evaluate the therapeutic potential of VacA by determining the effectiveness of different application routes and the suitability of the protein for treating the chronic phase of allergic airway disease.

Methods: VacA was administered by the intraperitoneal (i.p.), oral (p.o.) or intratracheal (i.t.) routes, and long-term therapeutic effectiveness, allergic airway disease hallmarks, and immune phenotype were analyzed in murine models of acute and chronic allergic airway disease.

Results: Administration of VacA via the i.p., p.o or i.t. routes was associated with a reduction in airway inflammation. The i.p. route showed the most consistent effect in reducing airway inflammation and i.p. treatment with VacA was the only treatment that significantly reduced mucus cell hyperplasia. In a murine model of chronic allergic airway disease, both short- and long-term treatment with VacA showed a therapeutic effect, with a reduction in a variety of asthma hallmarks, including bronchoalveolar lavage eosinophilia, lung inflammation and goblet cell metaplasia. Short-term treatment was associated with induction of Tregs, while repetitive long-term administration of VacA influenced immunological memory in the lung.

Conclusions: In addition to showing therapeutic efficacy in short-term models, treatment with VacA also appeared to be effective in suppressing inflammation in a chronic airway disease model. The observation that treatment was effective after administration via several different routes highlights the potential of VacA as a therapeutic agent with different routes of administration in humans.


Citation style:
Could not load citation form.


Use and reproduction:
This work may be used under a
CC BY 4.0 LogoCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY 4.0)