Needs and demands for mHealth cardiac health promotion among individuals with cardiac diseases : a patient-centred design approach

Aims: Cardiovascular diseases are one of the main contributors to disability and mortality worldwide. Meanwhile, risk factors can be modified by lifestyle changes. mHealth is an innovative and effective way to deliver cardiac health promotion. This study aims to examine the needs and demands regarding the design and contents of an mHealth intervention for cardiac health promotion among individuals with cardiac diseases. Different clusters were determined and analysed in terms of the intention to use an mHealth intervention.
Methods and results: A cross-sectional study was conducted via a web-based survey. Three hundred and four individuals with coronary artery diseases (CADs) and/or congestive heart failure (CHF) were included in the data analysis. Descriptive statistics were applied to evaluate needs and demands regarding an mHealth intervention. A k-medoids cluster analysis was performed. Individuals with CAD and CHF favoured an mHealth intervention that supports its users permanently and is easily integrated into everyday life. Handheld devices and content formats that involve active user participation and regular updates were preferred. Three clusters were observed and labelled high, moderate, and low burden, according to their psychometric properties. The high burden cluster indicated higher behavioural intention towards use of an mHealth intervention than the other clusters.
Conclusion: The results of the study are a valuable foundation for the development of an mHealth intervention for cardiac health promotion following a user-centred design approach. Individuals with cardiac diseases report positive attitudes in the form of high usage intention regarding mHealth. Highly burdened individuals report a high intention to use such interventions.


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