Predictors of Symptomatic Intracranial Hemorrhage after Endovascular Thrombectomy in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients with Anterior Large Vessel Occlusion : Procedure Time and Reperfusion Quality Determine

Purpose: We aimed to evaluate predictors of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients following thrombectomy due to anterior large vessel occlusion (LVO).

Methods: Data on stroke patients from January 2018 to December 2020 in a tertiary care centre were retrospectively analysed. sICH was defined as intracranial hemorrhage associated with a deterioration of at least four points in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score or hemorrhage leading to death. A smoothed ridge regression model was run to analyse the impact of 15 variables on their association with sICH.

Results: Of the 174 patients (median age 77, 41.4% male), sICH was present in 18 patients. Short procedure time from groin puncture to reperfusion (per 10 min OR 1.24; 95% CI 1.071–1.435; p = 0.004) and complete reperfusion (TICI 3) (OR 0.035; 95% CI 0.003–0.378; p = 0.005) were significantly associated with a lower risk of sICH. On the contrary, successful reperfusion (TICI 3 and TICI 2b) was not associated with a lower risk of sICH (OR 0.508; 95% CI 0.131–1.975, p = 0.325). Neither the total time from symptom onset to reperfusion nor the intravenous thrombolysis was a predictor of sICH (per 10 min OR 1.0; 95% CI 0.998–1.001, p = 0.745) (OR 1.305; 95% CI 0.338–5.041, p = 0.697).

Conclusion: Our findings addressed the paramount importance of short procedure time and complete reperfusion to minimize sICH risk. The total ischemic time from onset to reperfusion was not a predictor of sICH.


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