Treatment of Pineal Region Rosette-Forming Glioneuronal Tumors (RGNT)
Simple Summary The WHO classification of tumors of the central nervous system described for the first time the extremely rare entity of rosette-forming glioneuronal tumors (RGNT, CNS WHO grade 1) in 2007. Due to the rarity of this entity in the pineal region, no specific therapy guidelines currently exist. With our large cohort of patients treated at a single center (from August 2018–June 2021) and with the already described cases in the literature, we would like to highlight possible therapy and follow-up concepts. After the main symptoms of headache or generalized epileptic seizure, cystic lesions adjacent to the pineal gland and the third ventricle were diagnosed in imaging. None of the patients underwent additional chemotherapy or radiotherapy after gross total (GTR)/subtotal resection or endoscopic biopsy. In cases where surgical resection seems feasible with a reasonable surgical risk, we advocate GTR. Long-term MRI follow-up is essential to detect a slow tumor progression. Abstract Background: Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor (RGNT) is an extremely rare entity described for the first time in the WHO classification of tumors of the central nervous system in 2007. Predominantly, single case reports of RGNT in the pineal region have been published, and specific therapy concepts are pending. Methods: The study group comprised all patients with the RGNT (CNS WHO grade 1) in the pineal region that underwent microsurgical tumor removal in our center (August 2018–June 2021). Surgical strategy, histological findings, and clinical outcome are presented, and the results are evaluated and compared to published case reports. Results: Four male patients aged under 50 years (range between 20 and 48 years) and one female patient, 51 years old, were included in this study. Chronic headaches and generalized epileptic seizures were the main symptoms. Supra-cerebellar infratentorial gross total tumor resection (GTR) was performed in two cases, two patients underwent subtotal tumor resection, and an endoscopic biopsy was performed in case five. Conclusion: In cases where surgical resection seems feasible with a reasonable surgical risk, we advocate GTR. Regular and long-term MRI follow-up is essential to detect a slow tumor progression. The role of additional chemotherapy or radiotherapy remains unclear.