Interactive Visualizations of Transparent User Models for Self-Actualization : A Human-Centered Design Approach
This contribution sheds light on the potential of transparent user models for self-actualization. It discusses the development of EDUSS, a conceptual framework for self-actualization goals of transparent user modeling. Drawing from a qualitative research approach, the framework investigates self-actualization from psychology and computer science disciplines and derives a set of self-actualization goals and mechanisms. Following a human-centered design (HCD) approach, the framework was applied in an iterative process to systematically design a set of interactive visualizations to help users achieve different self-actualization goals in the scientific research domain. For this purpose, an explainable user interest model within a recommender system is utilized to provide various information on how the interest models are generated from users’ publication data. The main contributions are threefold: First, a synthesis of research on self-actualization from different domains. Second, EDUSS, a theoretically-sound self-actualization framework for transparent user modeling consisting of five main goals, namely, Explore, Develop, Understand, Scrutinize, and Socialize. Third, an instantiation of the proposed framework to effectively design interactive visualizations that can support the different self-actualization goals, following an HCD approach.