Single- and Dual-Source CT Myelography : Comparison of Radiation Exposure and Establishment of Diagnostic Reference Levels
CT myelography (CTM) is a diagnostic technique for the evaluation of various spinal pathologies, and plays an important role in diagnosis of different diseases such as spontaneous intracranial hypotension and postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leaks. The aims of this study were to examine radiation exposure, establish diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) and compare radiation doses of single- and dual-source examinations and different CTM protocols. In this retrospective study, 183 CTMs comprising 155 single-source and 28 dual-source examinations, performed between May 2015 and December 2020, were analyzed. Dose data included 31 whole spine (A), 23 cervical (B), 10 thoracic (C), and 119 lumbar (D) CTMs. Radiation exposure was reported for volume-weighted CT dose index (CTDI vol ) and dose-length product (DLP). Radiation doses for CTDI vol and DLP were distributed as follows (median, IQR): A: 7.44 mGy (6.01–11.17 mGy)/509.7 mGy·cm (382.4–682.9 mGy·cm), B: 9.31 mGy (7.20–14.64 mGy)/214.5 mGy·cm (153.7–308.2 mGy·cm), C: 6.80 mGy (6.14–8.26 mGy)/365.4 mGy·cm (222.8–432.4 mGy·cm), D: 11.02 mGy (7.97–14.89 mGy)/308.0 mGy·cm (224.7–413.7 mGy·cm). Local DRLs could be depicted as follows (CTDIvol /DLP): A: 11 mGy/683 mGy·cm, B: 15 mGy/308 mGy·cm, C: 8 mGy/432 mGy·cm, D: 15 mGy/414 mGy·cm. High image quality was achieved for all anatomical regions. Basically, radiation exposure of CTM differs according to anatomical location.
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