Study - Port Cities of the Future

Correa Magallanes, Eduardo Garduño; Szymiczek, Melissa LSF

Historically, ports and cities have a very close relationship with each other; this relationship is rooted in the port as the trading point around which the city develops due to the beneficial impact of the trading activity. As the port grows, it requires more space for its operations, which reduces the space available for human development. Inhabitants of the city must then relocate to other areas, which requires improving the city’s interconnectivity and increasing both inland and out-of-port land transport links. As a result, vehicle traffic increases because most land transport is by truck. The increase in vehicle traffic may bring about a decline in the standard of living of the population (because of congestion and/or road safety issues) and may also increase transport costs due to longer transport times in heavy traffic. A study of congestion reports by Waze, TomTom and INRIX has revealed severe traffic disruption in port cities such as Buenos Aires, Sao Paulo, Los Angeles, Valencia, and Jakarta. The environmental impact of congestion is mostly negative because it can affect air, water and soil quality, reduce biodiversity, increase noise and waste, and ulti-mately lead to risks to human health. Thus, new concepts for healthier port-cities relationships should be developed.

TUL- Study, July 2020

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Correa Magallanes, Eduardo / Szymiczek, Melissa: Study - Port Cities of the Future. 2020.

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