Perception of music-induced emotions in patients with somatoform disorders compared to healthy controls

GND
1166186288
ORCID
0000-0003-3233-178X
Affiliation
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical University Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
Firle, Carl;
GND
124950140
ORCID
0000-0003-2120-1840
LSF
58993
Affiliation
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, LVR-Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
Teufel, Martin;
GND
123796989
Affiliation
Institute for Clinical Epidemiology and Applied Biometry, University Hospital Tuebingen, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
Blumenstock, Gunnar;
GND
142062391
Affiliation
Wiegmann Klinik, Hospital for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, DRK Clinic Center Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Smolka, Robert;
GND
1183329512
ORCID
0000-0002-4433-9378
Affiliation
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical University Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
Erschens, Rebecca;
GND
1088343597
Affiliation
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical University Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
Windthorst, Petra;
GND
1052547486
ORCID
0000-0003-1659-4440
Affiliation
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical University Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
Zipfel, Stephan;
GND
1133574157
ORCID
0000-0002-3925-6949
Affiliation
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical University Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
Junne, Florian

Although music therapy has become a widespread approach used in the multimodal treatment of psychosomatic disorders, this is the first study investigating the perception of music-induced emotions (PoMIE) in patients with somatoform disorders. For the purposes of this study, n = 23 patients (PG) with somatoform disorder (F45) were assessed for PoMIE within an experimental design. Additionally, n = 25 healthy controls were included as a control group (CG) matched for age and gender. A questionnaire including the dimensional (valence, arousal) and the discrete (basic emotions) model were applied to assess PoMIE. At t0 , the PG gave lower ratings of the emotion happiness, F(1, 48) = 1.24, p < .01, than the CG. Significantly higher ratings of fear were observed in the PG than in the CG. At t1 , the PG gave higher ratings of happiness for happy-targeted music stimuli than at t0 , t(22) = 2.35, p < .05. Higher ratings of fear in the PG compared to the CG also persisted after inpatient therapy, t(46) = −2.48, p < .05. The results suggest a lower perception of happiness and a higher perception of fear in the PG. A multimodal, inpatient therapy seems to influence the happiness perception of music-induced emotions in PG. The results may inform the further evaluation of music therapy interventions.

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Citation style:
Firle, C., Teufel, M., Blumenstock, G., Smolka, R., Erschens, R., Windthorst, P., Zipfel, S., Junne, F., 2018. Perception of music-induced emotions in patients with somatoform disorders compared to healthy controls. https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735618759819
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