Dynamic unidirectional anisotropy in cubic FeGe with antisymmetric spin-spin-coupling

Josten, Nicolas GND; Feggeler, Thomas GND; Meckenstock, Ralf GND; Spoddig, Detlef GND; Spasova, Marina GND; Chai, Ke; Radulov, Iliya ORCID; Li, Zi-An ORCID; Gutfleisch, Oliver GND; Farle, Michael GND; Zingsem, Benjamin GND

Strong unidirectional anisotropy in bulk polycrystalline B20 FeGe has been measured by ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Such anisotropy is not present in static magnetometry measurements. B20 FeGe exhibits inherent Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, resulting in a nonreciprocal spin-wave dispersion. Bulk and micron sized samples were produced and characterized. By X-band ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy at 276 K ± 1 K, near the Curie temperature, a distribution of resonance modes was observed in accordance with the cubic anisotropy of FeGe. This distribution exhibits a unidirectional anisotropy, i.e. shift of the resonance field under field inversion, of KUD = 960 J/m3 ± 10 J/m3, previously unknown in bulk ferromagnets. Additionally, more than 25 small amplitude standing spin wave modes were observed inside a micron sized FeGe wedge, measured at 293 K ± 2 K. These modes also exhibit unidirectional anisotropy. This effect, only dynamically measurable and not detectable in static magnetometry measurements, may open new possibilities for directed spin transport in chiral magnetic systems.

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Josten, Nicolas / Feggeler, Thomas / Meckenstock, Ralf / et al: Dynamic unidirectional anisotropy in cubic FeGe with antisymmetric spin-spin-coupling. 2020.

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