Die „Vererbung“ von Armutsrisiken : Ein neuer Weg in der Armutsforschung
Dieser Beitrag befasst sich mit der familialen „Vererbung“ von Armut in Familien. Es werden der Stand der Forschung sowie eine qualitative empirische Studie hierzu vorgestellt. Dabei werden zunächst Fragen des theoretischen Ansatzes und des methodischen Zugangs zum Phänomen der intergenerationellen Transmission von Armut diskutiert.
In research on the intergenerational transmission of poverty, life paths are often defined by what individuals have learned in childhood. Little research assumes the possibility of permanent interaction processes, which preserve experiences, but also transform them, even in adulthood. Accordingly, the focus of poverty research is rarely directed at intergenerational relations and interactions. In this article, we refer to preliminary empirical findings from a study we are conducting to argue how important and meaningful such an intergenerational and qualitative research perspective can be. Biographical group discussions with families, in which parents and their adult children negotiate their stories show that poverty is not an early fixed and impenetrable heritage as it is discussed by most poverty researchers. The intergenerational transmission of poverty is rather a permanent negotiation by the family members.