Optimal bilinear control of eddy current equations with grad–div regularization
An optimal bilinear control problem governed by time-harmonic eddy current equations is considered to estimate the electric conductivity of a 3D bounded isotropic domain. The model problem is mainly complicated by the possible presence of non-conducting materials in the domain. We introduce an optimal control approach based on grad-div regularization and divergence penalization. The estimation for the electric conductivity obtained by solving the optimal control problem is allowed to be discontinuous. Here, no higher regularity property can be derived from the corresponding optimality conditions. We analyze the approach and present various numerical results exhibiting its numerical performance.