Integrated Ecosystem Management in the Lake Victoria Basin : The Role of Actors and Institutions
Sustainable management of natural resources became a core interest of international, national and local resource users on the one hand, and policy makers on the other hand. As a more sustainable and effective natural resource management requires action from and consideration of various actors and disciplines, an understanding on why and how social actors are cooperating on environmental management is crucial to its achievement. Integrated ecosystem management claims a broad and integrative perspective on socio-ecological systems, while integrating stakeholders, their interests and needs, different levels of governance, and management of various natural resources, into a comprehensive and integrative approach. The thesis applies this approach by an analysis of actors and institutions within the specific ecological and social system of the Lake Victoria basin. A study of the role of actors and institutions in two cases, namely the Mpigi district forest management and Lake Victoria fisheries management, provides an insight into the ecological, social and institutional sphere of integration, and into the potential and pitfalls of decentralization and regionalization within natural resource management. By identifying case-specific as well as common drivers of sustainable and effective ecosystem management, the thesis contributes to the development of mechanisms of societal adaption to changes in the socio-ecological system of the Lake Victoria basin.