Association Between eHealth Literacy and Health Outcomes in German Athletes using the GR-eHEALS Questionnaire : A Validation and Outcome Study

ORCID
0000-0002-5548-1804
Affiliation
Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, LVR-University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
Geiger, Sheila;
ORCID
0009-0008-9126-2757
Affiliation
Center for Translational Neuro- and Behavioral Sciences (C-TNBS), University of Duisburg-Essen, 45147 Essen, Germany
Esser, Anna Julia;
GND
1272973786
ORCID
0000-0001-9342-3798
Affiliation
Institute for Patient Safety (IfPS), University Hospital Bonn, Bonn Germany
Marsall, Matthias;
GND
173826040
ORCID
0000-0001-7774-8664
LSF
58845
Affiliation
Division of Movement and Training Sciences/Biomechanics of Sport, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
Mühlbauer, Thomas; Skoda, Eva-Maria; Teufel, Martin; Bäuerle, Alexander
This data set was collected to examine the eHealth Literacy Scale as a means of assessing eHealth literacy among German athletes. In this context, we pursued two objectives with this study: first, to test the factorial structure of the GR-eHEALS and assess its construct validity by examining both convergent and discriminant validity; and second, to examine the associations between eHealth literacy and health-related outcomes (i.e., substance use and injuries). This digital survey was conducted as a cross-sectional study, adhering to the approval guidelines of the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Duisburg-Essen (19-8947-BO). Prior to the survey, each participant provided electronic informed consent. Participation was both anonymous and voluntary, without any form of reimbursement. We utilized the Unipark software (Tivian XI GmbH) that was distributed through social media, sports clubs (involving athletes competing in regional and nationwide tournaments), and sports associations (both regional and nationwide) from December 2021 to December 2022.

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