The Role of Whole-Body Magnetic Resonance Imaging (WB-MRI) in Patients with Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH)

Alashkar, Ferras; Schemuth, Haemi P.; Nensa, Felix LSF; Göbel, Juliane LSF; Vance, Colin; Forsting, Michael LSF; Dührsen, Ulrich LSF; Schlosser, Thomas Wilfried LSF; Röth, Alexander LSF

In PNH thromboembolic events (TEs) represent the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Between Dec 2013 and Jan 2016 37 PNH patients (pts) (23 PNH, 14 AA/PNH; 51% (19/37) females; median age 44 years, median D-dimer levels 0.22 mg/l) were examined with a whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) scan at 1.5 T to detect TEs. Pts were treated according to German PNH guidelines, including eculizumab therapy. 64% (24/37) of the pts had no documented TEs prior to observation. Two pts had suspected TEs in their clinical history. 29% of the pts (11/37) had a known history of venous thromboses (deep venous thrombosis (DVT) (5/11), portal venous thrombosis (PVT) (4/11), vena caval thrombosis (VCT) (2/11). A myocardial infarction was reported in one pt, and two had a cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) or a thalamic infarction. Six pts (16%) had at least two prior TEs. In pts with prior TEs no progression of the existing TEs was observed. In pts on eculizumab and prior TEs as well as treatment-naïve pts silent bone and renal infarctions were detected. Furthermore, a clinically non-critical arterial occlusion was identified. WB-MRI scans present a novel, non-invasive method to assess the complete vascular status of PNH pts and allow the detection of previously undiagnosed vascular complications, affecting treatment indications and regimens.

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Alashkar, Ferras / Schemuth, Haemi P. / Nensa, Felix / et al: The Role of Whole-Body Magnetic Resonance Imaging (WB-MRI) in Patients with Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH). 2018.

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